The Afar Regional State (Afar: Qafar; Geez: ዓፋር) is one of the nine regional states of Ethiopia, and is the homeland of the Afar people. Its capital city is Semera, which lies on the paved Awash–Assab highway.
The State of Afar consists of 5 administrative zones, 29 woredas and 28 towns. The rural area has 326 farmers associations, while the urban part has 32 kebeles. Afar is the origin of human species, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently discovered.
Situated in an estimated area of 270,000 square kilometres, Afar is located in the eastern part of Ethiopia. The region has common boundaries with the State of Eritrea in the north-east, with Tigrai in the north-west, with Amhara in the south-west, with Oromia in the south, with the State of Somalia in the south-east and with the Republic of Djibouti in the east.
The Afar Triangle, the northern part of which is the Danakil Depression, is part of the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia, and is located in the north of the region. It has the lowest point in Ethiopia and one of the lowest in Africa. The southern part of the region consists of the valley of the Awash River, which empties into a string of lakes along the Ethiopian-Djibouti border. Other notable landmarks include the Awash and Yangudi Rassa National Parks.